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Carnosine for Skin Cell Health, Stress Tolerance, Blood Sugar

Dr. Linda J. Dobberstein, DC, Board Certified in Clinical Nutrition


Carnosine, a natural antioxidant, is an amazing nutrient that uniquely supports your body’s aging process. It is particularly helpful for skin, brain, eyes, muscles, and blood sugar protection. It also supports stress tolerance differently than herbal adaptogens,B vitamins, and phytonutrients.


Carnosine is a natural di-peptide, made up of the amino acids beta-alanine and l-histidine. It is naturally found in red meat, poultry, and fish. Individuals on a low protein, or predominately plant-based diet are more likely to lack adequate intake. Significant amounts of carnosine are found in tissues with high metabolic activity like skin, brain, heart, and muscles.


Skin


Healthy skin depends upon many things. Adequate hydration, essential fatty acids, antioxidants, and many nutrients provide positive anti-aging support. Carnosine provides unique anti-aging support for your skin as it aids the process of removing old cells.


Cellular senescence is the term applied to aging cells. These aged worn out or senescent cells build up in layers of your skin. Senescent cells release damaging compounds like cytokines, chemokines and other substances that contribute to wrinkles, thinning, and loss of elasticity in skin.


Old skin cells are removed and replaced with new skin cells every few days via immune system surveillance. This process easily happens when you are young, but it slows down with age, or when there is a back-log of repair.


Researchers discovered that carnosine aids in the process of immune system surveillance, critical for skin health. Carnosine modulates the production and activities of immune cells, like macrophages and neutrophils, which are involved with removal of senescent cells. A 2020 cell study confirmed that carnosine increased immune cell surveillance and improved the elimination and build-up of old skin cells.


In addition, carnosine provides free radical scavenging support to skin cells for protection against UV radiation. It helps slow down the sugar hardening of proteins that leads to advanced glycation end products (AGEs). These hardened proteins contribute to stiffening and decreased flexibility in skin. Carnosine helps support skin tone, elasticity, and moisture with healthful aging.


Carnosine and Brain Benefits


Significant amounts of carnosine are also found in your brain and affects many different functions. In particular, a very high concentration of carnosine is found in the olfactory bulb located deep within the limbic system of your brain. The olfactory bulb is directly involved with your sense of smell.


Within the olfactory nerve tissue, carnosine levels and its metabolic enzymes are 50-100 times higher than in other parts of the brain and even 10 times higher than skeletal muscle. This intense concentration in the olfactory bulb allows carnosine to function like a neurotransmitter or neuromodulator for the sense of smell.


Like in the skin, carnosine also provides protection against sugar build up, or advanced glycation end products (AGEs), in your brain and nerves. It provides antioxidant protection against blood sugar stress to the lens of your eye as well.


Stress Tolerance Support, Blood Sugar, and Acrolein


Carnosine helps modulate the stress tone of your autonomic nervous system and blood sugar management while under stress. Under high amounts of acute or chronic stress, your sympatheti