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Cordyceps: Prized Mushroom for Brain, Lungs, Gut, and Endurance

Wellness Resources

Mushrooms have been used through the centuries for a variety of medicinal and health benefits. One of the most prized mushrooms has been cordyceps, a foundation in Chinese medicine and beyond. Its traditional uses have been wide and varied. From supporting lungs and kidneys, to its benefits in stress tolerance and adrenal/HPA dysfunction, cellular energy and ATP, brain health, cardiovascular support, cellular clean-up, blood sugar, and fertility. It is also used as a tonic to provide adaptogenic, antioxidant, anti-aging, nootropic or “smart nutrient”, and immunomodulatory activities, and liver protection. Is there anything this amazing mushroom can’t do? As modern science has studied cordyceps more, the benefits keep showing up. It provides numerous nutrients, like vitamins B1, B2, B12, E and K, minerals and special compounds like sterols, polysaccharides, polyamines, and other cellular modulators. Although we have much more to learn about the science of cordyceps, one thing that is clear is this nutrient is a dynamic powerhouse for so many systems in your body. Why would we not be trying to add this to our diet? Remarkable Support for Brain Health Brain health is at the center of your overall wellbeing and healthy aging. When brain health suffers, so does the rest of your body. Stress levels, dietary inadequacies, toxins, and immune challenges bombard you every day, necessitating support for your brain. In addition to its classical use, cordyceps provides remarkable support for brain health in a variety of ways. Cordyceps aids in neuroprotective effects within the brain, including the hippocampus memory center. Research showed that it helps balance a multitude of signals and actions between excitatory (glutamate) and inhibitory (GABA) neurotransmitters in the hippocampus reducing the effect of stress and neurological wear-and-tear. Cordyceps thereby aids in learning, memory, and cognitive performance. A healthy balance between glutamate and GABA is essential to manage the “brain drain” from long work or school days. More information may be found in the article: Mental Fatigue Getting the Best of You? Nourish Your Brain. Additional fascinating findings on cordyceps and brain health were published in the October 2021 European Journal of Pharmacology. This review study highlighted cordyceps ability to modulate neuro-inflammatory and neuro-protective mechanisms in the brain. Cordyceps benefits include promotion of remyelination, which is the natural repair of the fatty myelin insulation layer around nerves. It inhibited excess microglial cell activation and various markers such as NF-kappa B, TNF-alpha, COX-2, iNOS, and several others. These actions helped support glutathione and SOD antioxidant levels in the brain. It mitigated LPS-mediated toll-like receptor activation by activating adenosine receptor A1. This is an important neuroprotective mechanism uniquely supported by cordyceps. LPS refers to lipopolysaccharides, which are toxins released by bacteria. Microglial cells are the neuroimmune cells in your brain critical for housekeeping. Overactivation of microglial cells, presence of LPS toxins, and higher production of NF-kappa B, etc. in your brain is stressful to its tissues. It is like revving up your car engine when it lacks oil and dumping in sand causing it to smoke, sputter, and break down. Other findings have demonstrated that cordyceps helps protect brain cells and mitochondria from oxidative stress. Lung Health Cordyceps also helps provide similar protection against LPS-toxin induced responses in the lungs. Research showed modulation of immune markers like TNF-alpha, interleukins (IL-1beta, IL-6), COX-2, and iNOS with cordyceps due to its antioxidant and immune balancing effects. It has been shown effective in calming immune sensitivity reactions in lung and airway passages. Cordyceps is highly valued for lung and sinus health in traditional Chinese health care. Gut Microbiome, Repair, and Immune Modulator Most of your immune system is in your digestive tract, with trillions of flora present. Cordyceps has been shown to improve the abundance and diversity of beneficial Bifidobacteria in animal studies. It also helped repair the lining of the digestive tract, restore structure to the intestinal crypts, and modulate inflammatory mechanisms in the colon. Cordyceps provides significant immune effects. When your body demands more immune soldiers for battle, cordyceps helps increase production of several interleukins and TNF-alpha, macrophages, etc. At the same time, cordyceps helps calm down excessive activation of immune cells when no longer necessary. More simply, it helps the immune system adapt to the stress and modulates immuno-inflammatory responses as it needs. Metabolic Support, AMPK and Antioxidant Activator in the Liver In America today, high fat and high sugar diets with sedentary lifestyles have led to an epidemic of fatty build-up in the liver. Liver function becomes clogged and stressed from the fat deposition. Blood sugar stability, cholesterol metabolism, energy production, thyroid hormone activation, detoxification, and many other daily metabolic activities become sluggish. Cordyceps provides antioxidant and metabolic support as it aids in protecting the liver against fatty build-up metabolic stress. It does this by activating the AMPK signaling pathway in the liver. A 2021 study demonstrated this in animals fed a diet that induced fatty liver congestion. Animals that received cordyceps in their diet experienced an improvement in liver function, with burning of triglyceride fats through the activation of the AMPK signaling pathway. AMPK is a master enzyme switch, which causes your cells to burn fat and glucose for energy production. It is an energy regulator that affects weight management, cellular clean up, and insulin sensitivity, etc. AMPK activity declines with age and this leads to changes in energy levels, metabolic efficiency, and appetite. Cordyceps also helps activate and regulate other powerful proteins and antioxidant enzymes, like glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) and the Nrf2 signaling pathway. These compounds provide antioxidant protection to the liver, kidneys, and gut flora against various environmental toxins and metabolic stress. Exercise, Endurance, and Weight Management Cordyceps has been used historically in sports, exercise, and performance, as it helps support ATP/energy production. It also helps release nitric oxide inside blood vessels, which supports vasodilation and increases tissue oxygen exchange. Studies evaluated the effect of cordyceps on mice engaged in exhaustive swimming exercises. Each group that received variable amounts of cordyceps before the exercise had better exercise stamina and tolerance compared to the control group. Antioxidant levels were higher and free radical stress markers (MDA and 8-OHdG) were significantly lower. A recent, small double-blind randomized controlled study evaluated the effect of cordyceps with Rhodiola rosea, another adaptogenic herb, on exercise endurance. Sedentary adults in their early twenties were given the herbal combination with exercise training, versus the control group with exercise only. Results showed that after 8 weeks, the group that received the adaptogenic support and exercise experienced improvement in body composition and endurance capacity more so than the exercise only group. Findings included weight loss with less fat mass in arms and significant improvement in the leg muscle mass. Cordyceps-Rhodiola combined dosage used was 20 mg/kg per day or about 1,000-1,800 mg/day. Another double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated exercise performance in healthy adults 50-75 years old. Participants received 1,000 mg of cordyceps per day or a placebo for 12 weeks. At the end of the study, results showed improvement in managing lactic acid levels, lung-aerobic capacity, and exercise tolerance compared to the placebo group. Bone Health Cordyceps also supports healthy bones. Randomized controlled trials in animals show that